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How can I manage nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy in breast cancer?

How can I manage nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy in breast cancer?

Forum / Cancer CommunityCategory: Breast CancerHow can I manage nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy in breast cancer?
Avatar photoCTF Help Staff asked 3 weeks ago
Managing nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy can significantly improve a patient’s quality of life in breast cancer. Here are some strategies and treatments to help manage these side effects:

Medications

  1. Antiemetics (Anti-Nausea Medications)
    • Serotonin (5-HT3) Receptor Antagonists: Ondansetron (Zofran), granisetron (Kytril), and palonosetron (Aloxi) are commonly used to prevent chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV).
    • NK1 Receptor Antagonists: Aprepitant (Emend), fosaprepitant, and rolapitant are used in combination with other antiemetics for better control.
    • Corticosteroids: Dexamethasone is often used in combination with other antiemetics.
    • Dopamine Antagonists: Metoclopramide (Reglan) and prochlorperazine (Compazine) are used for breakthrough nausea.
    • Sources: American Cancer Society, National Cancer Institute

Non-Medication Strategies

  1. Dietary Changes
    • Small, Frequent Meals: Eating small, frequent meals rather than large meals can help manage nausea.
    • Bland Foods: Consuming bland, easy-to-digest foods like crackers, toast, and rice can help.
    • Cold or Room-Temperature Foods: These may be more tolerable than hot foods, which can have strong odors that trigger nausea.
    • Avoid Strong Smells: Avoiding foods and environments with strong odors can reduce nausea.
    • Sources: Mayo Clinic, Cancer Research UK
  2. Hydration
    • Stay Hydrated: Drinking clear fluids like water, broth, or herbal tea throughout the day can help prevent dehydration caused by vomiting.
    • Sipping Slowly: Sipping fluids slowly rather than drinking large amounts at once can help keep nausea at bay.
    • Sources: American Cancer Society, National Cancer Institute
  3. Relaxation Techniques
    • Deep Breathing and Meditation: These can help reduce stress and anxiety, which may exacerbate nausea.
    • Acupressure: Applying pressure to certain points on the body, such as the wrist, can help control nausea.
    • Sources: Mayo Clinic, Cancer Research UK
  4. Alternative Therapies

Tips for Managing Nausea at Home

  • Rest After Eating: Sitting upright or reclining with the head elevated for an hour after eating can help.
  • Avoid Greasy, Fried, or Spicy Foods: These can exacerbate nausea.
  • Distraction: Engaging in activities like reading, watching TV, or listening to music can help take the mind off nausea.
  • Wear Loose Clothing: Tight clothing can put pressure on the stomach and worsen nausea.
  • Sources: Cancer Research UK, American Cancer Society
By combining these strategies and working closely with healthcare providers, patients can effectively manage nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy. Always consult with your healthcare provider for personalized advice and adjustments to your treatment plan.
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